The D-FIRE sub-project provides global emissions from biomass burning to the other MACC services and to the general public. The emissions are calculated in real time and retrospectively from satellite-based observations of open fires.
The documentation of GFAS versions is available here.
Daily global distribution of open biomass burning with different resolutions:
Latest Observed Distribution of Fire Radiative Power
The map represents the thermal radiation measured from space-borne sensors and detected as coming from actively burning vegetation and other open fires. It is expressed as the daily average of the fire radiative power (FRP) observations made in 125 km grid cells and expressed in the units of [mW/m2]. The rate of release of thermal radiation by a fire is believed to be related to the rate at which fuel is being consumed and smoke produced. Therefore, these daily averaged FRP areal intensity data are used in the global estimation of open vegetation fire trace gas and particulate emissions, which are passed onto the other MACC services for incorporation as model source terms. The data are derived from FRP observations by the SEVIRI and MODIS instruments, which are provided by the EUMETSAT LSA SAF and NASA, respectively. Earlier maps are also available for the past 365 days.
The plots below show the daily development of the current fire activity compared to previous years. (Click on the image for a version with high resolution.)
The panels clearly show the extreme fires in Sumatra (Tropical Asia) that clad Singapore in a haze in June 2013 and the strong fire season in North America with record fire activity at the beginning of July 2013.
Please see our dedicated web page for more highlights.
Latest Smoke Distribution Forecasts
Organic matter, black carbon and sulfate aerosols are emitted from fires and other, mostly anthropogenic, sources. They are called "anthropogenic aerosols" in MACC and the latest forecast of their aerosol optical depth (AOD), including emissions derived from the latest observed fire distribution and assimilation of space-borne AOD observations, is available HERE.
More publications and presentations are available on our dedicated Publications and Presentations web page.
Johannes Kaiser: email@example.com